Popular Posts

January 2, 2015


Sikkim is the second smallest state of India. It was an independent monarchy ruled by kings called Chogyals till 1975, when it joined the Indian union. Sikkim has borders with Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan and the Indian state of West Bengal. Situated in the Himalayan ranges, the state is entirely hilly with elevations ranging between 300m and 8583m. The highest elevation is Mt. Kanchendzonga, the third highest peak in the world, which is worshipped as the guardian deity of the state.

Lepchas are considered to be the oldest inhabitants of Sikkim. Then came the Bhutias from Tibet, and later Nepalis, and the people from Indian plains. Sikkim is home to the Mahayana form of Buddhism and its colourful Gompas (Buddhist monasteries) are a major attraction. Of these, Rumtek monastery near Gangtok, and Tashiding & Pemayangste monasteries in West Sikkim are the most important.

Gangtok is the main city and the capital of Sikkim. It is a cosmopolitan place with views of snow-covered Himalayas, botanical gardens and monasteries. Gangtok is also an ideal base to visit the southern parts of the state where most of the tourist sites are located. Approachable fromGangtok, Tsongo Lake is located 3720m above sea level and is frozen during the winters. The Chinese border at Nathula Pass is close by. The town of Pelling is in west Sikkim and is a popular tourist spot. The Kanchendzonga National Park is a habitat for the snow leopard, red panda, Tibetan antelope and wild ass.

Phang Lhabso and Losoong are the main festivals of Sikkim. Phang Lhabso is dedicated to the worship of Mt. Kanchendzonga and is celebrated in August/September. Losoong is celebrated in December/January and marks the end of the harvest season.

Foreign nationals visiting Sikkim must obtain an Inner Line Permit. The permits are available at Indian missions and tourism offices in Delhi and Kolkata.


Gangtok, the land of monasteries, is also the largest town of Sikkim. Situated in the Shivalik Hills and lying at an altitude of 1437 m, it’s an important Buddhist Pilgrimage Centre. Gangtok gained religious significance among the Buddhists 
after the construction of the Enchey Monastery in the latter part of the 19th century. 
History of Gangtok It was an important trade centre between the British and Tibet during the 19th century. Gangtok was made the capital of Sikkim in 1894 by Thutob Namgyal, who was a monarch under the British Rule. When India gained independence in 1947, Sikkim chose to be an independent monarchy and Gangtok continued to be its capital. 
However, in 1975, after a period of strife and struggle, Sikkim was finally made an Indian state and Gangtok was made its official capital. The city suffered a major setback in its trade relations with Tibet after the Nathu La Pass was closed following the Sino-Indian war of 1962. However, the Pass has been opened in 2006, and Gangtok has again started functioning as a major trade point between India and Tibet. 
People & Culture of Gangtok The town has people from different ethnicities. The presence of Buddhists, Chinese, Tibetans as well as Hindus gives Gangtok a colourful ambience and every festival is celebrated here with the same fervour. Some of the popularly celebrated festivals are Losum and Losar, among others. 
Most of the economy of Gangtok depends on tourism. A large part of the population of the town is employed in the tourism sector. Of late, eco-tourism has picked up in the region with tourists being offered the opportunity of trekking, rafting as well as mountaineering. Apart from the tourism industry, cottage industries form the other major portion of Gangtok’s economy which deals in watch making, handicrafts and local alcohol processing.
Things to do in Gangtok Gangtok is full of gompas, stupas, parks and gardens. Some of the major attractions in and around Gangtok are the Rumtek Monastery, Pemayangtse Monastery, Tashiding Monastery, Tsomgo Lake, Nathu La Pass, Hanuman Tok etc. Visitors who want to explore Gangtok and its surroundings but do not want to do the planning themselves can opt for the several Gangtok holiday packages available.
Food & Shopping in Gangtok Sikkimese food is a mix of Nepalese, Tibetan and Indian cuisine with rice being the staple. Some of the local delicacies of Gangtok are ningro (fern rings), shisnu (nettle soup), phing (glass noodles) and churpi (yak cheese) cooked with a lot of chillies. Apart from these, momos are available round the corner. There are a lot of restaurants, eateries and fast- food joints in Gangtok. 
Gangtok is full of souvenir and curio shops. One of the best areas for shopping is the road near Lal Bazar which not only has many shops but prices are also cheaper by 30-40% than the shops on M.G. Road. The Sikkim Handloom and Handicraft Emporium sells masks, wall hangings, carpets, leather goods and Tibetan, Bhutia and Lepcha dresses. Other items that are popularly bought include thankas, silk paintings, prayer wheels, Tibetan jewellery etc.  
Travelling to Gangtok Gangtok is connected to other parts of the country via an all-weather highway. The easiest way to reach Gangtok is by shared jeep from Siliguri, in West Bengal, which takes around 4½ - 5 hours. Shared jeeps, the best way to move around in Gangtok, can also be availed from New Jalpaiguri, Darjeeling and Kalimpong. 
Buses run by the state carrier, Sikkim Nationalised Transport, terminate at the SNT Bus Stand on Paljor Stadium Road. Non-SNT buses stop at the Private Bus Stand, off NH-31A, below Deorali. 
The nearest airport to the place is the Bagdogra Airport (124 km away) in the town of Siliguri, West Bengal. Bagdogra Airport is connected to Guwahati, Kolkata and Delhi with Kolkata and Delhi airports having international connections as well. Taxis are available from the airport to reach Gangtok.
There is a helicopter service also which is run by the Sikkim Tourism Development Corporation from Bagdogra to Gangtok, once a day. 
Gangtok does not have a railway station, the closest one being at New Jalpaiguri in West Bengal, nearly 150 km away. The station has train services from all parts of the country with some of the prominent ones being Bangalore, Guwahati, Kolkata, Hyderabad, New Delhi etc.



Nathula Pass, located at a distance of 56 km from Gangtok, is a pass on the Indo-Chinese border. Serving as a trade link between India and China, this park also once served as the main access for Sikkim-Tibet trade. Popularly known as the Silk Route, this pass is at an elevation of 14,450 feet and is rich in diverse alpine flora and fauna. The Nathula Pass is divided into terms 'Nathu' and 'La', which mean 'listening ears' and 'pass' respectively.

The trade route was closed down in 1961, as a result of the war between India and China. However, in 2006, the trade between the two countries resumed again after conciliation. Passing the Tsomgo Lake on its way, this pass is one of the highest motorable roads in entire India. Covered with snow for most parts of the year, a special permit is required to visit this pass.
At present, tourists are permitted to visit the pass on Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday and Sunday. In addition, the Nathula Pass also reduces the travelling distance to some of the major Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage sites such as Lhasa and Mansarovar Lake.
This pass is also amongst three border posts that connect China and India. The other two border posts are Shipkila (Himachal Pradesh) and Lipulekh (Uttarakhand).

July 14, 2014



Teracol was a key Portuguese fort for the defense of Goa, on the north side of the estuary of the Teracol River, the most northern boundary of Goa. Hyped as one of the state's most atmospheric historic monuments, it turns out to be little more than a down at heel country house recently converted into a low-key luxury hotel. Decorative turrets and dry moat with commanding views of the estuary and ocean mark the fort.


The Church of St Augustine was constructed by the joint efforts of 12 Augustian Friars after they arrived in Goa on 3rd September 1572 AD. They built the church on the Holy Hill at Old Goa. The construction of the church was completed by 1602 AD. A ban was imposed by the Portuguese government   against the Augustines. The church and the convent thereafter were deserted. 
The ruins of 46-metre high Bell Tower without the bell can be seen from some distance and attract attention of visitors. Five storied arched belfry tower built of laterite formed part of facade of the church facing east. This tower is one of the four towers of St. Augustine Church. The Church had eight richly adorned chapels and four altars and a convent with numerous cells.  The ruins of chapels, altars and extensive convent with numerous cells can be seen even today around the tower. The bell was first   placed in the Fort Aguada Light House, where it remained from 1841 to 1871 AD. Finally it was put in the church of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception at Panaji in 1871 AD and it is still in working condition.


The Arvalem or Harvalem waterfalls, which cascades down from the mountains, from a height of 50 metres, is one of the most awe-amazing spots. It is situated at about 2 km from the small town of Sanquelim and 8 km from Bicholim, in North Goa.

The Arvalem Waterfall is a very scenic and beautiful picnic spot. This charming waterfall is a mind-blowing experience, with Rudreshwar temple in its vicinity. The temple holds importance for the Hindus who believe in releasing the soul on the 12th day after death. 

While leaving the temple of Rudreshwar, one can descend the staircase to look at a majestic waterfall shedding its exuberant silvery showers. The beautiful Arvalem fall, with a head of about 24 feet high, forms a sizeable lake at the bottom, which offers a sizeable temptation to seasoned swimmers. 

The best time to visit this site is just after the copious monsoon when it presents a rapturous, ravishing and riotous aspect. The water flow here during the monsoon is quite less. It has a lot of greenery all round with fruit laden trees with various fruits such as bananas, bread fruits and coconut palms to name a few. 

The ancient caves in the vicinity adds a touch of antiquity to this picturesque place, which finds a major attraction for the film makers as a favourite shooting spot. The Rock cut caves are just situated nearby. The Government has also developed a park from which the view of the waterfall can be peacefully relished.

August 31, 2013



Also known as "Pearl of the Orient" and a "Tourist Paradise", the state of Goa is located on the western coast of India in the coastal belt known as Konkan.The magnificent scenic beauty and the architectural splendours of its temples, churches and old houses have made Goa a firm favourite with travellers around the world.But then, Goa is much more than just beaches and sea. It has a soul which goes deep into unique history, rich culture and some of the prettiest natural scenery that India has to offer.
Much of the real Goa is in its interiors, both inside its buildings and in the hinterland away from the coastal area.Legends from Hindu mythology credit Lord Parshuram, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu with the creation of Goa.Over the centuries various dynasties have ruled Goa. Rashtrakutas, Kadambas, Silaharas, Chalukyas, Bahamani Muslims and most famously the Portuguese have been rulers of Goa.Goa was liberated by the Indian Army from Portuguese colonisation on December 19, 1961 and became an Union Territory along with the enclaves of Daman and Diu. On May 30, 1987 Goa was conferred statehood and became the 25th state of the Indian Republic.Having been the meeting point of races, religions and cultures of East and West over the centuries, Goa has a multi-hued and distinctive lifestyle quite different from the rest of India. Hindu and Catholic communities make up almost the entire population with minority representation of Muslims and other religions.
The state of Maharashtra borders Goa on the north, the state of Karnataka on the south and east. The vast expanse of the Arabian Sea on the west forms the magnificent coastline for which Goa is justly famous.Terekhol (Tiracol), Mandovi, Zuari, Chapora, Sal and Talpona are the main rivers which weave their way throughout the state forming the inland waterways adding beauty and romance to the land besides being used to transport Goa's main export commodity of Iron and Manganese ore to Mormugao Harbour. Along the way to the coast these waterways form estuaries, creeks and bays breaking the sandy, palm-fringed coastline behind which lie the fishing villages among the coconut groves.Panaji (Panjim) is the state capital located on the banks of the Mandovi river and Vasco, Margao, Mapusa and Ponda are the other major towns. Goa is serviced by an international/national airport located at Dabolim near Vasco. An intra-state and inter-state bus network also plays an important role in getting locals and visitors alike in and around Goa.Along with English which is widely spoken all over Goa, Konkani and Marathi are the state languages. The national language Hindi is also well understood in most areas around the state.Goan cuisine is a blend of different influences the Goans had to endure during the centuries. The staple food in Goa is fish and rice, both among the Hindus and the Catholics. Unlike the Christian food the Hindu Goan food is not strongly influenced by the Portuguese cuisine.

Attractions of Goa:

Miramar beach is situated 3 kms from Panaji, capital of Goa.A lovely Golden beach of soft sand girdled with palm trees facing the blue Arabian Sea, is the nearest to Panaji. Miramar is an urban beach where the Mandovi River meets the Arabian Sea. Miramar Beach offers the opportunity to view the stunning sunset. It is not a safe beach to swim as there is a strong undercurrent. Miramar beach was originally known as the "Gasper Dias Beach”, the Panaji Beach is over 2 Kilometers long. This beach in Miramar is one of the most popular Beaches in Goa and tourists are well crowded here, with people from the town strolling over in the evenings. One will often see a mixed crowd of tourists and locals here as there are a lot of activities for Entertainment.While at the Miramar Beach one can visit Dhempe College of Arts and Science, the memorial to Goa's first chief minister and other places that are worth a visit. Another attraction nearby is Aguada Fort. One can have an excellent view of Fort Aguada from the beach across the river. It is very much commercialized with a large number of hotels and exclusive homes for accommodation.


Candolim beach is another relatively busy soft sandy beach that due to erosion can be narrow in some places. Hawkers selling mostly cheap clothes and along with masseurs offering massages makes the beach a lively spot. A polite but firm no always works ~ though these people can be very interesting to talk to. There are a variety of beach shacks providing plenty of food and cold drink choices along with rickety sun beds and the odd rustic "loo".For good North Indian food and succulent kebabs in pleasant surroundings try Floyd's on the main road just south of the junction to Mapusa. It's a small place with a warm and friendly atmosphere and is very popular.Coconut Inn, a bit further south and just off the main road (signposted from the junction) is housed in the garden of an old Goan house and serves good food in a relaxing environment at very reasonable prices. Service is friendly and attentive and there is live Portuguese / Goan music on Tuesday evenings.For excellent food and service (but for some reason to an American rock soundtrack) walk a bit farther south on the main road towards Sinquerim to Flambee. The food is fabulous and the whole tandoori kingfish (huge, so only for groups) is a delicious work of art. The restaurant is open all year round, unlike most in Candolim, which close during the monsoon.


Famous in the region as “Queen of the Beaches,” calangute beach boasts through its presence in north-east from state capital Panaji at mere 15 kilometers. It is said that calangute beach goa remains largest one in the northern region. As stories go on, hippies had discovered this beach during the 60’s so is it famous since then. Locals and tourists find here a true replica of Goan beach culture so its popularity is unbound indeed.Tourists from the Western countries and hippies find calangute beach an ultimate place to spend great time through splendid beach experience.
Most suitable occasion to visit this beach is Christmas and New Year eves while it welcomes enough rush. It also witnesses large number of tourists representing many age groups visiting in the summers. They spend time here sunbathing so do they enjoy rejuvenating sea breezes in the calangute beach goa trip.The hip and lively nightlife of this place makes it prominent worldwide so visitors from different parts of the world visit calangute beach that sees the pious liveliness while the sun sets. Usually locals, hippies and foreign holidaymakers keep dancing in calangute beach goa in night time. Often they keep partying for the whole night.
It is easy to get the local tasty and cold beer as countless shacks and picturesque huts make up good choices on the calangute beach. Several unique items like small trinkets and numerous types of handmade items are available in open market here. This beach also offers great shopping experience. Explore calangute beach goa by searching for any unique local seafood especially fried prawns and fish. There is no dearth of local and continental dishes here.This beach offers an opportunity to enjoy great time with involvement in the water sport activities—surfing, water skiing and parasailing amongst others. Presence of Kerkar Art Complex here provides opportunity to see several art exhibitions which are usually organized in the summer seasons.


Baga Beach adjoins Calangute on the shores of North Goa and offers all the elements for a memorable holiday. People wanting a palm-fringed sandy spot for peaceful relaxation will find plenty of choice. There is also an abundance of places along the adjoining stretches of beach for those who like colourful distractions, like beach stalls offering beer and seafood, seashell trinkets, local crafts and buckets and spades.Early in the morning you can watch the local fishermen bringing in their catches. And at dusk, you can choose a quiet stroll, watching the sun go down in a flaming sky, or head for one of the many nightlife venues providing Western and Goan music, just a step away from the peaceful beach, on the main road in Baga Village. There’s a wide range of eateries, too, from simple food shacks to sophisticated restaurants, and nightblubs.Baga has abundant hireshops for equipment for watersports – and tourists can join fishing trips or other boat excursions. Goa’s beaches often have strong currents which mean it can be risky for children to swim in the sea – but Baga Beach has an ideal solution: the Baga River which offers families great scope for happy splashing (and of course there is also Colonia Santa Maria’s pool, with its child-friendly area).Tourists wanting to shop will find plenty of temptations at local stalls and shops, especially items such as made-to-measure clothing, handcrafts and jewellery. But the vibrant markets too are a draw. The local Saturday bazaar provides a wide range of goods – from fish and food to textiles and earthenware. You’ll find a Tibetan market in the centre of Calangute and many Kashmiri traders in both this town and Baga. Other nearby markets include Anjuna (on Wednesdays), Mapusa (Friday), and Arpora (Saturday). And there are daily markets in the towns of Panaji and Margao for the insatiable bargain hunter.

August 18, 2013



Rajput clans emerged and held their sway over different parts of Rajasthan from about 700 AD. Before that, Rajasthan was a part of several republics. It was a part of the Mauryan Empire. Other major republics that dominated this region include the Malavas, Arjunyas, Yaudhyas, Kushans, Saka Satraps, Guptas and Hunas. The Rajput clans ascendancy in Indian history was during the period from the eighth to the twelfth century AD. The Pratihars ruled Rajasthan and most of northern India during 750-1000 AD. Between 1000-1200 AD, Rajasthan witnessed the struggle for supremacy between Chalukyas, Parmars and Chauhans.
Around 1200 AD a part of Rajasthan came under Muslim rulers. The principal centers of their powers were Nagaur and Ajmer. Ranthanbhor was also under their suzerainty. At the beginning of the 13th century AD, the most prominent and powerful state of Rajasthan was Mewar.  
Rajasthan had never been united politically until its domination by Mughal Emperor - Akbar. Akbar created a unified province of Rajasthan. Mughal power started to decline after 1707. The political disintegration of Rajasthan was caused by the dismemberment of the Mughal Empire. The Marathas penetrated Rajasthan upon the decline of the Mughal Empire. In 1755 they occupied Ajmer. The beginning of the 19th Century was marked by the onslaught of the Pindaris.In 1817-18 the British Government concluded treaties of alliance with almost all the states of Rajputana. Thus began the British rule over Rajasthan, then called Rajputana.  
The erstwhile Rajputana comprised 19 princely states and two chiefships of Lava and Kushalgarh and a British administered territory of Ajmer-Merwara. Rajasthan State was heterogeneous conglomeration of separate political entities with different administrative systems prevailing in different places. The present State of Rajasthan was formed after a long process of integration which began on March 17, 1948 and ended on November 1, 1956. Before integration it was called Rajputana; after integration it came to be known as Rajasthan. At present there are 33 districts (including the new district of Pratapgarh) in the State.


Founded in AD 1727 by Sawai Jaisingh II, Jaipur the capital of Rajasthan is popularly known as the Pink City with broad avenues and spacious gardens. The capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is steeped in history and culture. Here the past comes alive in magnificent forts and palaces, blushed pink, where once lived the maharajas. The bustling bazaars of Jaipur, famous for Rajasthani jewellery, fabric and shoes, possess a timeless quality and are surely a treasure-trove for the shoppers. This fascinating city with its romantic charm takes you to an epoch of royalty and tradition.
Jaipur has been laid according to the conventional nine-grid pattern that astrologers believe to be lucky, and which has been recommended in the ancient Indian treatise on architecture. Each grid consists of a square, and these have been planned so that, at the heart of the city is the City Palace. Spread around it, in rows, are public buildings, the residences of noblemen, the living and trading quarters of merchants and artisans. Straight, wide roads run through the city, while a high, crenellated wall that forms its defense is pierced with seven gateways that serve as entry points. Today, these walls may be more difficult to spot since the city has grown far beyond its original plan, but they are still there, proof that though Jaipur saw no great siege, it was more than adequately prepared for it.

  • Attractions of JAIPUR:


The poet king Sawai Pratap Singh built this palace of winds "HAWA MAHAL". This is  easily the most well-known landmarks of Jaipur and is also its icon. Located in the City Palace complex, it is best viewed from the road outside. This five-storey building overlooking the busy bazaar street is a fascinating example of Rajput architecture and artistry with its delicately honeycombed 953 pink sandstone windows known as 'jharokhas'. It was originally built for the ladies of the royal household to watch everyday life and processions in the city from their veiled comfort.Most people come here to get a view of the facade but they can also climb to the top for a wonderful view from the latticed windows. There is also a small archaeological museum there. 


The brainchild of Sawai Jai Singh II (ruler of Jaipur from 1699-1743) no account of Jantar Mantar is complete without a thumbnail sketch of this remarkable man. Responsible for the design and execution of the city of Jaipur, Sawai Jai Singh was earmarked for greatness almost from birth.  The title "Sawai" means "one and a quarter," indicating intelligence and abilities superior to normal men. It was bestowed upon Jai Singh as a child by the Mughul emperor Aurangzeb, in recognition of the boy's quick wit. He certainly lived up to the name, and Jantar Mantar is an excellent example of Sawai Jai Singh II's genius. It is one of five such observatories constructed by him; another large one is found in Delhi, and supplementary observatories were built in Varanasi, Ujjain, and Maratha. The purpose of these observatories was to precisely fix the astrological dates that governed the life of the Hindu people,  who consulted the stars before undertaking any great event. In addition to being a great ruler and warrior, Sawai Jai Singh II was a learned astronomer who not only had the great European and Indian astronomical tracts translated, but who was sufficiently knowledgeable in the area to note discrepancies and inadequacies in the texts and tables and to correct them.
The basic premises behind Jantar Mantar are simple but ingenious. First, one way to reduce the inaccuracy of the instruments was to make them as large as humanly possible, while another way was to make instruments without moving parts, cutting down on a second source of errors. Finally, the observatory consists of a whole series of instruments which are interrelated, so that each may help calibrate and measure the accuracy of the others. In this manner, the measurements of the heavens do not remain dependent upon one primary instrument, from which all the rest take their bearings. It is a system designed to produce accurate measurements of the celestial spheres and their movement. Much has been made of the fact that Sawai Jai Singh II did not subscribe to the Copernican theory, continuing to believe that the sun revolved around the earth. The implication, of course, is that for all his sophistication, the ruler of Jaipur remained, at heart, a rather unenlightened soul. However, before arriving at such a judgment, critics would do well to consider the reason that Sawai Jai Singh II constructed this observatory. It was not to engage in the abstract science of astronomy, as it was practiced in the west, nor was it to pioneer advances in the field (although he certainly did succeed in doing so); rather, it was to more accurately gain the information needed for conducting the affairs of state, affairs of the heart, and to ascertain when the monsoons would come and when the crops may be planted. Jantar Mantar was designed to be the handmaiden, not of science, but of Hindu Cosmology.


City Palace is situated at the heart of Jaipur, laid in a grid pattern with wide avenues. The beautiful palace was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh in the 18th century but a lot of changes and additions were made to the original structure by his successors. The City Place is an unsullied blend of Rajasthani and Mughal architecture, occupying a large area segregated into a series of capacious courtyards, enthralling gardens and magnificent buildings. The area covered by the City Palace is around one seventh of total area of the Jaipur. The beautifully caved marble interiors, magnificent pillars, jali or lattice work and inlaid ornamentations make the palace a cherished tourist attraction. Jaleb Chowk and Tripolia Gate are the two main entrances to the City Palace Jaipur.
The palace, which was originally used for official purpose, today serves as a museum. The City Palace is divided into two parts- one houses Sawai Man Singh museum and other is still the residential palace of the former maharaja. The museum of Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II established in 1959, has an extensive collection of art, carpets, enamel wares and 15th century weapons. There are many palatial structures in the complex like the Chandra Mahal, Mubarak Mahal, Mukut Mahal, Maharani's Palace, Shri Govind Dev Temple and the City Palace Museum.The first chamber that one comes across when one enters from through the Birendra Pole from Tripolia Gate is the Mubarak Mahal(Auspicious Palace). The palace was built by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II with the main purpose of serving as a reception lounge for foreign dignitaries. This probably is the reason which explains why this palace was named Mubarak Mahal. The Mahal, now amended into a museum, houses a wide variety of textiles (such as the royal formal costumes, sanganeri block prints, embroidered shawls, Kashmiri pashminas and silk saris). A note worthy display here is of the set of voluminous clothes worn by Sawai Madhosingh I, who was 6 ½ feet tall, 1.2 metres (3.9 ft) wide and weighed 250 kilograms (550 lb). 
Initially, the museum was known as the Maharaja of Jaipur Museum, and it was only in 1970 that it was renamed as Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum. Today, a large number of tourists are attracted to the museum from all over the world. A grand door from the Mubarak Mahal leads to the ‘Diwan-i-khas’ or ‘Hall of Private Audience’ with a marble paved gallery. It is located between the armoury and the art gallery. On display are two huge sterling silver vessels made from 14000 melted silver coins without soldering. They are officially recorded by the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's largest sterling silver vessels. It is believed that Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II carried the holy water of the Ganges in the vessels on his trip to England as he was fastidious about committing religious sin by consuming the English water. Hence, the vessels are named Gangajelies (Ganga water holding urns).Across a paved square lies the 'Diwan-i-am' or the 'Hall Of Public Audience', with its intricate decorations and manuscripts in Persian and Sanskrit. Gaze at the beautifully painted ceiling, on which the original semi-precious stone colors have barely faded and from which are suspended an enormous crystal chandelier. This chamber, functioning now as an art gallery, has exhibits of exquisite miniature paintings (of Rajastahni, Mughal and Persian art), embroidered rugs, Kashmir shawls, carpets and ancient handwritten original manuscripts of Hindu scriptures ( Bhagavad Gita and other ancient pulp fiction). The gallery also has some brilliantly carved palanquins and elephant howdahs. Maharani's Palace, inside the complex of the City Palace, was originally the residence of the royal queens. The palace has now been converted into a museum, housing an awe-inspiring collection of weaponry dating back to the 15th century. All the weaponry is exquisite and very well preserved. The ceiling of this chamber has unique frescoes, which are preserved using jewel dust of semiprecious stones. The clandestine is a nice playground for colors, which change themselves a thousand times during the day. The display includes pistols, jeweled swords, guns and gun powder pouches, a belt swords, chain armors, small cannons, poison tipped blades, etc. However, the most impressive of them is the scissor-action dagger, which when thrust into an enemy’s body is said to disembowel the hapless victim. To the north-west is situated the graceful seven-storied ‘Chandra Mahal’ or the “Moon Palace’. Chandra Mahal is essentially regarded as the best part of the City Palace. Each floor in the building is known by a different name such as the Sukh-Niwas, Ranga-Mandir, Pitam-Niwas, Chabi-Niwas, Shri-Niwas and Mukut-Mandir or Mukut Mahal. Paintings, floral decorations, mirror walls and ceilings in the traditional style adorn the palace. At present, most of this palace is the residence of the descendents of the former rulers of Jaipur. Only the ground and the first floor form the Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum and are allowed for visitors, displaying carpets, manuscripts, weapons and other items that belonged to the royal family. A must see are the 14th century sandstone statues, ticked into a lovely leaf-filled niche via the passageway, which represents a league of musicians, each playing a different instrument. Chandra Mahal is set amidst well laid out gardens and a decorative lake in the foreground.
Very near to the Chandra Mahal are the Bada Mahal and the Jai Niwas Garden . In the Jai Niwas Garden stands the famous Shri Govindji temple , dedicated to the Hindu god Lord Krishna built in the early 18th century. The temple is adorned with European chandeliers and paintings of Indian art with ceiling ornamented in gold. The arathi (prayer offering) for the deity can be seen by devotees only for seven times during the day. The lane connecting the Bada Mahal with the Govindji temple is lined up with numerous fountains that contribute to enhance the overall beauty.


Albert hall / Central Museum consist of Indo saracenic type of architecture and is designed same as the Victoria and Albert museum which is located in London. The building and the assortment beholds the beauty of the sight along with the pillars. The courtyards and the arches of the museum are worth seeing. This Albert museum was created in the 19th century.

This museum amazingly houses 19,000 historic objects and has various collections like metal ware, ivory work, lacquer work, jewelry, textiles, pottery carved wooden objects, arms and weapons, clay models , sculptures, educational, scientific and zoological objects, tribal costumes, ceramics, oil and miniature paintings, inlay work, musical instruments, clocks and marble statues. The museum was designed in the year 1876 by Colonel Sir Swinton just to greet King Edward VII as Prince of Wales on his visit to India. Museum was opened to public ten years later from its designing. The museum also has an assortment of rare articles on its display including textiles, carpets, paintings, metal and wood crafts, pottery, arms and weapons, flora and fauna of the state, toys, dolls and even an Egyptian mummy that belongs to the Ptolemaic Epoch. It shows the scene of a Persian garden Carpet with running water streams and is also renowned for housing the famous carpet. Mirza Raja Jai Singh bought it from Shah Abbas of Persia.
In an attempt to depict the uniqueness of the dresses and jewelry of all the classes and tribes of Rajasthani people the galleries on the ground floor of the museum have been completely remodeled and restructured since 1959 including the privileged class that mainly consists of Rajputs and the merchant class. Lifestyle of the tribals such as Meenas, Bhopas, Bhils, Gadoliya Lohars are included. One gallery shows the heena body art of Rajasthan, which is known as “Mehndi Mandana” , which shows an exhibition of the typical Rajasthani motifs and designs that are rigourslyl recognized as ethic all over the world. Another gallery recognizes Puppets and Phad paintings. The highlights of the museum are displayed in another gallery of museum which is in its central gallery , which is completely shows Rajasthani music and dance forms.The central museum is the most visited destination by tourists of Jaipur. It is famed for its enormous and exclusive collection. One section of the museum, also known as Darbar Hall, has the largest floor covering in the world. This is the oldest and finest identified carpet, and is solitary in its kind. This museum remains open all days expect on the Holi festival.the timings are from 9:30 am to 4:30 pm.


Jal Mahal is the palace situated in center of a water dam. In 16th century due to continuous draught, the residents of Amer city suffered water shortage. Considering the need of hour the ruler of Amer built a dam named Man Sagar Lake and in the middle this lake he constructed this Jal Mahal as a pleasure point for the Royals.Jal Mahal is well known for its architectural beauty which displays a combination of Mughal and Rajput style. The queens from Royal families used to arrange picnics here which included duck hunting programs and other pleasures which were undiscovered.Jal Mahal gives a beautiful view from the south side, showcasing the square structure of the palace in dam and Aravalli range covering the fort from east, west and northern sides. Jal Mahal palace is a five story building and the first four floors are under water when the dam is full showing only fifth floor which looks mesmerizing. The dam is usually full in rainy seasons of July and august. There are octagonal Chhatries on the four sides of Jal Mahal and a rectangular Chhatri on the roof. A garden on the terrace of Jal Mahal was developed by Raja Jai Singh II, Which was abandoned with time. In fact the whole Jal Mahal was abandoned along with the lake; the entry was prohibited inside the palace. The palace was then renovated completely under the restoration project taken by Government of Rajasthan. And for the first time the Palace opened for visitors in February 2012.Due to urbanization and pollution, lake water was no more pure and healthy. Poisonous toxics were found in water. Fresh water is introduced to the lake only during rainy season from July to September. So water level is maximum at Jal Mahal at that time and in summers water level is decreased as no fresh water is introduced and ground water is used for irrigation.


There are many museums in Jaipur but the Dolls Museum occupies a significant place in the tourism map because of its rich collection. The museum is a must visit in Jaipur.Flocked by a large number of tourists from different parts of the world, the Dolls museum has played a vital role in making the visit to museum really special experience for the tourists. Having a wide range of collection that includes mostly dolls, visiting this museum is a unique experience for the tourists. These dolls reflect different cultures prevalent across the world. Clad in national attires of different countries, the dolls offer a mesmerizing experience to the tourists.Located at a distance of 4 kilometers from the city center, the museum was built in the year 1974 with a definite purpose. It mainly serves the purpose of reflecting the different cultures of the world. The variety of attires worn by dolls reflects the culture of the following provinces:
  • Bengal
  • Maharashtra
  • Gujarat
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Punjab
  • Assam
  • Kashmir
Some of the dolls are also dressed up in bridal dresses of the following provinces:
  • Mysore
  • Gujarat
  • Kerala
  • Bengal
  • Punjab
Dolls are also exhibited wearing attires of classical dances like:
  • Bharatnatyam
  • Odissi
  • Kuchipudi
  • Kathakali
In the Dolls museum of Jaipur, you will also find dolls wearing attires of different countries like:
  • Uganda
  • China
  • New Zealand
  • Britain
  • Mexico
  • Spain
  • USA
  • Malaysia
  • Sweden
  • Germany
  • Afghanistan
Visiting this museum is a great experience. Moreover, the character of the museum is such that it manages to attract visitors of all ages. Hence, if you are looking for a Jaipur tour, make sure the tour itinerary includes a visit to the Dolls Musuem. Indian Holiday offer online booking and reservation for Tours and Hotels in Jaipur. For more information and booking, please fill in the form below.


The M. P. Birla Planetarium started functioning from September 29, 1962 as an educational, scientific and research institution and was formally inaugurated on July 2, 1963 by the first Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. This was the second major Planetarium to be set up in the commonwealth countries with London having a Planetarium a few years earlier to the one in Calcutta then.
This was the first of its kind in India and the largest in Asia. Syt. M. P. Birla was the driving force behind this project. The Planetarium has been established on a land (about an acre) leased by the West Bengal Government. The Planetarium with all its assets had been transferred to the Registered Society of “Birla Institute of Fundamental Research”.
The M. P. Birla Planetarium has been hosting and participating in several National and International seminars in astronomy and connected fields and has been regularly organizing astronomical expeditions for the studies of Solar Eclipses and other Celestial events. The Planetarium has also been organizing special lectures and exhibitions in connection with centenaries of astronomers like Galileo, Kepler, Tycho Brahe and others. The Planetarium owns an astronomical observatory equipped with a Celestron C-14 Telescope with accessories such as ST6 CCD Camera, Solar Filter etc.
The M. P. Birla Planetarium, since its inception, has designed and presented to the public and students more than 350 astronomical projects dealing with many facets of astronomy, astro-physics, Celestial Mechanics, Space Science, History of astronomy,Centenaries of famous Astronomers as well as mythology concerning stars and planets. The Planetarium has also been conducting a series of graded school programmes for children of various age groups. Almost from the very beginning of this institution, it has been conducting a Free Evening Course inAstronomy. In the year 1993 it introduced a Post-Graduate Diploma Course inAstronomy & Planetarium Sciences. In the year 1999 the Planetarium joined hands with the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani and introduced a new course called the M. Phil. Course in Astronomy & Planetarium Sciences.
The Planetarium is equipped with an Electronics Laboratory for design and fabrication of scientific equipment. In 1993, after two years of work, this lab set up an Automation System for executing the special effects and visuals during a planetarium show. One must come and have a look to the Planetarium begore giving their views.
The Planetarium has been regularly bringing a scientific Journal called “The Journal of M. P. Birla Planetarium” wherein appear contributed articles from astronomers from India as well as from abroad. An editorial board has been suitability set up for the assessment and sensibility of the articles received for publication. In recent years, the Planetarium has also brought out some astronomical publications like “Bust Stories”, “A Brief Introduction of Astronomy”, yearly astronomical pocket-calendars and picture post-cards etc. The M. P. Birla Planetarium was chosen as the venue for the 7th International Planetarium Directors’ Congress in 1980.


Nahargarh Fort is located on the rugged ridge of Aravali Hills and it forms an impressive northern backdrop of Jaipur. It looks most classy when floodlit at night. The fort overlooks the city and presents a glittering view of the city lights. It was built in 1734 and extended in 1868. Nahargarh meaning abode of the tigers was built by Jai Singh to bolster the defence of Amber. The legend has it that it was named Nahargarh after Nahar Singh, a prince whose spirit would destroy the construction and stall its progress. So after a tantrik invoked the spirit, it agreed to withdraw on condition that the fort would be named after him. The Madhavendra Bhawan, built by Sawai Madho Singh has a unique cluster of 12 identical suites for queens and at the head is a suite for the king himself. The rooms are linked by corridors and retain some delicate frescoes as well as toilets and kitchen hearths. It was used by members of the royal family for excursion in summers and is even now  a favoured picnic spot. Durg Cafeteria just above the entrance sells meals and refreshments, while Padao Restaurant on the west sells drinks around sunset.


Amber (pronounced Amer) is situated about 11 kilometres from Jaipur and was the ancient citadel of the ruling Kachwahas of Amber, before the capital was shifted to the plains, the present day Jaipur.  The Amber Fort set in picturesque and rugged hills is a fascinating blend of Hindu and Mughal architecture. Constructed by Raja Man Singh I in 1592 and completed by Mirja Raja Jai Singh the fort was made in red sand stone and white marble. The rugged forbidding exterior belies an inner paradise with a beautiful fusion of art and architecture. Amber is the classic and romantic fort-palace with a magnificent aura. The interior wall of the palace depicts expressive painting scenes with carvings, precious stones and mirror settings. In the foreground is the Maota Lake providing a breathtaking vista. Built mainly for the warring enemies as a safe place, the heavily structured walls could defend the residents within the ramparts of the fort. All means of survival and luxuries for the royal families and the people who were concerned with the functioning of this small kingdom of the Kachhawas were well provided. The Rajputs who had apparently won a small structure passed on by Meena tribes, later on renovated it into the grand Amber Fort. Holding a history as old as seven centuries, this place vibrates with its legendary past. Although many of the early structures have been literally ruined but at the same time, those dating from 16th century onwards are remarkably well preserved by sincere efforts.

  • ALWAR:
Alwar is known as "Tiger Gate" of Rajasthan. Surrounded by lush green Aravali hills and presents a breath taking natural environment. Forests and lakes form the backdrop to this beautiful place. The site is dotted with architectural splendor, surrounded by harsh mountains. The deep valleys and thick forest cover is a haven for many species of birds and animals. It is one of the oldest cities in the state and its prehistoric and historic sites are an archaeologist's delight. Paradoxically, Alwar is both the oldest and the most recent of the Rajput kingdoms of Rajasthan. Trace their tradition back to the realms of Viratnagar that flourished here around 1500 BC It is also known as Matasya Desh, where the Pandavas, the mighty heroes of the Mahabharata, spent the last years of his 13 years of exile. The grandeur, beauty and delicacy of the design of innumerable palaces and forts in the region, tranquil lakes, majestic hunting lodges, sites of archaeological importance, thick forests, many birds and animals mixed with an equally diverse socio - cultural configuration have made this region a traveler's delight.

  • Tourist Attractions of Alwar:


The huge Bala Quila, sitting high up on a 300m steep cliff, is what lends this ancient city much of its character. Though we do not know who built this forsaken fort, it has stood there watching over Alwar from even before the Mughals came into the scene. Which means that it was built before the 16th century. and we know this for sure because Babur (the first Mughal king in India) is known to have spent a night here. Not just that, he even took away the fabulous treasure that was kept here and gifted it to his son, Humayun. Later Jahangir had also stayed there for some time when he was packed off by his authoritarian father, Akbar. The place where he stayed came to be called Salim Mahal. (Jahangir was actually banished by Akbar because he tried to assassinate Abul Fazal, one of the nine jewels of his father's court). Bala Quila was finally taken over by Pratap Singh in 1775.The most impressive aspect of the fort is the spectacular view of the city and the lake studded countryside below.The 300 metre high Bala Quila is accessible only by four-wheel-drive vehicles, or by a steep footpath. Also, see the Superintendent of Police, Alwar, for permission to visit the place.


Bhangarh Fort is situated on a hillside in the deserted town of Bhangarh, Rajasthan. Bhangarh is a ruined town between Jaipur and Alwar in Rajasthan and is located at the edge of Sariska Tiger Reserve. Bhangarh fort is a major tourist attraction and is said to be one of the most haunted sites in the world. Many legends are associated with the haunted folk. It was established in 1613 by King Madho Singh. It might be renowned for its haunted and spooky presence but it can be visited as the place is beautiful and tranquil.Many versions of the myth are known in order to unravel the mystery of the haunted fort. One such myth is that the city of Bhangarh was built by King Madho Singh after getting an approval from ascetic, Guru Balu Nath, who meditated there. Guru Balu Nath sanctioned the establishment of the town but said : The moment the shadow of your palace touches me you are undone. The city shall be no more! But one of the ambitious descendant raised the palace to such a height that it cast a shadow on Balu Nath's forbidden retreat and his prophecy became true as predicted and the whole town was devastated. The samadhi where Guru Balu Nath is said to lie is still there. Local villagers say that whenever a house is built there its roof collapses. People also say that nobody returned who stayed there after dark.Another myth is the legend of the Princess of Bhangarh, Ratnavati. She was said to be very beautiful and by the age of 18 she started getting matrimonial offers from nobilties of other states. Now, in the same area lived a tantrik (a magician well versed in the occult), called Singhia who was completely smitten by her but knew that the match was impossible. One day Singhia saw the princess's maid in the market. So he thought of tricking the princess by using black magic on the oil that the maid was purchasing so that upon touching it, the princess would surrender herself to him. The princess had however seen the tantrik enchanting the oil, foiled his plan by pouring it on the ground. As the oil struck the ground it turned into a boulder, which crushed Singhia. Before dying, Singhia cursed the palace with the death of all who dwelt in it, without any rebirth in their destinies. The very next year, a battle took place between Bhangarh and Ajabgarh in which Princess Ratnavati perished.According to the legends, there are ghosts dwelling in Bhangarh fort and that is why entry is prohibited for tourists in the fort after sunset and before sunrise. The locals believe that Princess Ratnavati has taken birth somewhere else and that the fort and the empire of Bhangarh is waiting for her return and put an end to the curse. Few years ago, the crew members of production team of a haunted T.V. Serial which is televised on national television visited the place of Bhangarh after searching for an ideal location for shooting the haunted story. Even they witnessed some paranormal activities happening there.
If you will read the signboard of Archaeological Survey Of India then you will get the goosebumps and start wondering that the unusual instructions mentioned by the government are indirectly indicating that the place is haunted as it's strictly prohibited to visit the fort before sunrise and after sunset,the Kewda and Pandanus trees are forbidden to any kind of harm, shepherds and wood-cutters are not allowed in the region, if you are daring enough to disobey the instructions, then you may face legal action. A lot of tourists, who have visited Bhangarh fort say that there is a strange feeling in the atmosphere, which causes anxiety and restlessness.


Moosi rani Ki Chhatri is a monument with an exceptionally attractive design. It is a cenotaph dedicated to Raja Bakhtawar Singh and his wife Rani Moosi. This monument, dedicated to the late king and his wife, is located in the City Palace and is one of the main attractions of the central building.This double-storied cenotaph stands on a platform of pillared red sandstone. The upper storey is in marble and has some splendid arches and unusually rounded roofs. The interiors have some great carvings, though most of the frescoes on the ceilings are not visible any more. Hundreds of peacocks and other colorful birds flapping around the place provide a visual treat to the visitors. The entire complex looks grand against the backdrop of the Aravalli ranges.


Neemrana Fort, the grand fort was built in 1464. Neemrana Fort-Palace is among India's oldest heritage resorts. Neemrana became the third capital of the descendants of Prithviraj Chauhan III, who was killed in battle by Mohammad Ghori in 1192 AD.
This picturesque site was chosen by Raja Rajdeo and Neemrana derived its name from a brave local chieftain Nimola Meo, who when defeated by the Chauhans, pleaded that his name be given to his lost kingdom.The property covers 25 acres/10 hectares and the stepped palaces of this architectural jewel cut into the hillside to sprawl over 3 acres/1.2 hectares and rises to 10 levels commanding the most splendid views.The Fort has 40 elegantly appointed unique rooms, equipped with all modern amenities. Nearly all the rooms have private either balconies or terrace. Neemrana has a variety of rooms with different views and decors. Neemrana has all the facilities of a Modern 5-star resort. But more than that Neemrana is visited by many a tourists for the sheer experience it provides of living in the royal past.
The Fort has a beautifully appointed restaurant serving multi-cuisine dishes & provides a beautiful view of the Aravalies. The other facilities offered are 24 hour room service, travel desk, jacuzzi, swimming pool, village safari, jeep safari, camel safari, cultural shows, indoor & outdoor games, Ayurvedic massage & spa treatment, trekking, library etc.


The Sariska is located in Alwar district of Rajasthan. and can be considered a central point for visiting various attractions within its vicinity. Located close to Sariska are three old settlements Bhangarh Fort, Ajaibgarh and Pratapgarh. The Sariska terrain has taken roots in this semi arid deserts of Rajasthan and supports scrub-thorn arid and dry deciduous forests that are full of rocks and grass patches intertwined with some thick foliage. The wildlife present in the area is diverse and is a perfect example of adaptability and symbiosis between nature and animals. The climate, as in any desert, is dry and varies towards the extremes.

The place is also famous for old temples and palaces around the sariska. The temples and chhattris and even the rare waterfall offer an exquisite view. However, the ruins of many of these monuments only serve as a reminder of how glorious the history of this land has been.

Sariska provides an opportunity to view tiger, langur, nilgai and various many bird species. However, apart from the wildlife and forest Sariska is surrounded by numerous places of historical interest, interspersed with temples and monuments.

Enjoy the famous Sariska Tiger reserve in these forests, once a part of the ancient 'Matsya' kingdom, are also supposed to have sheltered the exiled Pandavas. It is believed that Bhima, smote the rock face of a cliff with his cudgel at Pandu Pol and made a passage through a gorge in the sanctuary. The sight of the huge gaping orifice with a picturesque spring emerging from the rocks, is an awe-inspiring sight.

While in Sanctuary, trek on the numerous rugged hills and explore the ruined palaces located atop them. The mornings and evenings are the busiest periods in a day and the same holds true even in the forests. The Jungle Safari organized for groups from the guest house or from the entrance is a thrilling ride full of amusement and trepidation throughout. It's the dawn and dusk period when the wildlife ventures out of compulsion towards one of the many water holes scattered around the Park. The Game is not the correct word to describe these extremely beautiful creatures that roam fearlessly in their own domain thus providing the tourists the best chances of an awe inspiring spectacle. 

Sariska National Park:
Sariska Tiger Reserve is an area of 800 sq. kms.
Sariska was declared a sanctuary in 1955 and it became a Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger in 1979.

Sariska, with its awe inspiring craggy canyons and the tropical dry deciduous scrub jungles and limited water supply, was the western limits of the distribution of the tiger in India. Tigers could be seen in the area even during the day time till 2002 or so. But unfortunately, due to poaching and many other reasons Tigers have disappeared from Sariska. The State Government started an all out effort to re-introduce Tiger in Sariska under the technical supervision of the Wildlife Institute of India and has sent the detailed proposals, to Government Of India, for Re-introduction of Tigers in Sariska.

Sariska is a special Tiger Reserve also because the natural history of the ecosystem combines with the rich history of the country. The ruins of Shiv temples and a few Jain temples that exist in the archaeological complex of Garh Rajore, belong to a period between 8th and 10th century. The abandoned fort of Kankwari tells of the grim story of the Moghul Empire , where Prince Darah Shikoh was kept in prison for years by his younger brother Aurangzeb. Pandupole, with a legend of Pandava period, Narainimata temple and Bharthari temple are the centres of attraction for thousands of pilgrims.The terrain of Sariska is hilly with numerous valleys, both wide and narrow, and expansive undulating plateaus. The characteristic features of the Aravalli range - sharp hog -black ridges - are conspicuous in the Reserve. Most of the high ridges are composed of quartzite conglomerates and grits. 

The forests are of a typical dry deciduous type with Dhok as the dominant tree species of gentle to moderate slopes constituting over 90% of the tree canopy. The ridges support Salar on steep dry slopes. Khair and Cheela occur in vally beds. Bamboo grows to a limited extent along moist and cooler parts. Aam, Jamun, Arjun and Bahera, which grow in moist depression and on nallah banks attain large sizes. The ground cover is mainly Ber, and Adusa. Zizyphus and Grewia are good fodder species. The dried and fallen leaves of Dhok help the herbivores to tide over the fodder scarcity during summer months. The forests become lush green in the monsoon months and completely dry in the summer months. 

Sariska is very rich in wild animals. Panther, Hyena, Jackal and Jungle cat are the carnivores of the forest. Caracal and Wild dog are seen very rarely. Among the prey population are the Sambhar, Chital, Nilgai, Wild boar, Hare and Porcupine etc. 
Sariska is unique in animal distribution. The wild animals here seem to have decided their area -limits. Slopka is best for observing the Sambhar, Kundli for Chitals and Tarunda & Kalighati for Nilgai. Four -horned antelopes or chausingha can be seen in the Pondupole Nallah. Chausingha is exclusively Indian and is the only buck on earth with four horns.

Sariska is also famous for its population of common Langurs and the Rhesus monkeys. Talviksh is where the main population of Rhesus exists and one can see hundreds of them at a time. Langurs can be seen in large numbers at Pandupole, slopka and Kalighati as well.

In sariska, observing Wildlife at the water holes is quite fascinating during the hot days of April, May and June. Water requirements increase and Wildlife activities get restricted to the water holes,specially around Kalighati and Slopaka. Sambars, Chitals, Nilgais, Chausinghas, Jackals, Wild boars, Langurs etc. visit water holes throughout the day. The predators appear around dusk or during the silence of the night.

For the ornithologists and birding enthusiasts, the natural surroundings of Sariska draw the migratory birds from Siberia and China. It is quite a mingling of horned owl, tree pie, grey partridge, woodpecker, peafowl, crested serpent eagle, bush quail, sand grouse. Probably, Sariska is the richest Tiger Reserve as far as avifauna is concerned. More than 225 species of birds can be seen here. The populations of Peafowl, Grey partridges and Bush quail are conspicuous. Other commonly seen birds are Parakeets, Red spurfowl, Doves Green pigeon, Flycatchers, Bee-eaters, Shrikes, Woodpeckers Vultures and Nightjars etc. 

Trees Checklist of Sariska:
Dhok (Anogeissus pendula) is the dominanat tree species covering over 90 per cent area of the forest. Boswellia serreta and Lannea cormandalica grow at rocky patches. Kattha (Acacia catechu) and Bamboo are common in the valleys. Some valleys support Palas (Butea monosperma) and Ber (Zizyphus spp.). Besides these, some noteworthy tree species are Arjun (Terminalia arjuna), gugul (Commiphora wightii), Kadaya (Sterculia urens), Amla (Emblica officinalis), Bahera (Terminalia belerica).

Karauli, former capital of the erstwhile Karauli state (princely state), is a small town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The city has around 300 temples and is hence, regarded as one of the holiest cities of the state. The city, which is located about 150 km from Jaipur, was founded by Maharaja Arjun Dev Yadav in 1348 AD. Legend has it that the Jadaun Rajputs who ruled Karauli were descendants of Lord Krishna. Karauli was formerly known as Kalyanpuri, named after the deity Kalyanji. The city is protected by a red sandstone wall constructed all around it. The wall has gateways at strategic positions, which aided protection from the approaching enemies in olden days. The wall, though depleted at some spots, still remains intact. Karauli is famous for its pale red stones and monuments like the Kaila Devi temple, Madan Mohanji temple and many other historic structures.
The heritage town of Karauli is associated with many legends. It is a popular belief that the princely state of Karauli was founded by Yaduvanshi Rajput Bijai Pal around 995 AD. It is believed that he was 88th generation of the Hindu deity, Lord Krishna. Little is however known about the early history of the family.Officially, the town of Karauli was founded in 1348 by another Yaduvanshi Rajput, Maharaja Arjun Dev Yadav. The town was strategically located to ensure natural defense. To the north and east of the town are ravines while a huge wall was built on all other sides, to protect it from charging armies. Karauli is associated with many historical happenings. The main village in Karauli is called Mandrail. This village is famous for the battle of Mandrail which was fought by Raja Puranmal, the king of Amer, in 1534 AD. At the time when India became independent in 1947, Karauli was under the rule of Maharaja Ganesh Pal Deo. Later, this town merged with the union of India and became part of Indian state of Rajasthan.Karauli is known for its pale red-stones. This heritage town is home to some very memorable monuments like Kaila Devi temple, Madan Mohanji temple, palaces, forts and other historic structures. The Mahavir Jain temple in Karauli is revered by the Jains all over the world. The Kaila Devi Sancturary, which is an extension of the Ranthambore National Park, is located very close to Karauli. This heritage town is also famous its colorful festivals and fairs.

  • Attractions of Karauli:


The Timangarh Fort, situated at a desolate location near Masalpur sub tehsil headquarters about 40 kms from Karauli, is famous as a storehouse of ancient ashtadhatu and stone idols and sculptures, hidden underground near the various temples located inside the Fort complex. The beautiful carvings on the temples, both religious and geometrical, are striking proof of the exquisite workmanship of highly skilled artisans that once operated in this region. Mixed Iron-Metal pellets abound on the nearby hillocks, and give pointers about this area having been a nerve center of metal idol- and weapon- making in its heydays. The Fort also offers a beautiful view of the Sagar lake next to it, and villagers still cherish hopes of the day when they can find the paras stone believed to be somewhere at the bottom of the lake.The Fort is said to have been built circa 1100 AD, with some destruction thereafter. Its reconstruction is said to have been undertaken in 1244 AD by Yaduvanshi Raja Timanpal, the scion of Vijay Pal, the Raja of Bayana. The name "Timangarh" is assumed to be in recognition of Raja Timanpal's contribution. A stone engraving at the entrance of the Fort also mentions this as this year, but some historians believe that this engraving was placed at the time of the reconstruction of the Fort, going by the fact that some idols unearthed are more than a thousand year old. The Fort is originally believed to have had five entrances or dwaars (pols in the local dialect), but some more gates were apparently added later by the Moguls. The latter additions are apparent from the way some carved blocks from deep inside the fort have been used in the construction of the gate at the main entrance to the Fort, along with plain-faced stone blocks of somewhat different colours and variety. The Fort is thus believed to have been under occupation of Mohammad Gouri's forces from 1196 to 1244 AD.  
Little is known  about when  the fort was abandoned, but villagers believe that its residents deserted this complex almost 300 years back. The Fort is supposed to carry the curse of a Natni (a trapeze artiste), and there is a Natni ka khamba (Natni’s pillar) located in the neighbouring plains area, about three km from the Fort. It is said that the then King challenged the Natni to walk over a rope stretching some two km near the entrance, and had promised her half his kingdom in return. She completed the course from one side to the other, but on her return journey, the Ranis panicked and ordered the rope be cut. The Natni fell and died, but placed a curse on the king that his majestic Fort would one day be in ruins. That curse has now come true.


This Fort is located on the top of a hill surrounded by the town of Mandrayal. It is said to have been built by Bija Bahadur whose period of rule is not known. It is also said that this fort was once occupied by Mian Makan after whose name this Fort was named as Mandrayal Fort.


Bhanwar Vilas Palace was built as a royal residence in 1938 by Maharaja Ganesh Pal Deo Bhadur, when he was the ruler of Karauli. The palace is designed in a colonial style, and the interiors are furnished in art-de-decor period furniture. Our grounds provide a home to a variety of plants and animals. If you are looking to experience the history of India while still maintaining the luxuries of our modern times, allow Bhanwar Vilas Palace to be your temporary home. A member of Indian Heritage hotels Association and India’s Royal Legacy offer’s 45 Air-conditioned furnished rooms with all modern amenities like Mini bars, hairdryers, electric kettle etc in all the rooms.


Kela Devi Temple is located on the banks of the Kalisil river in Karauli district. The temple is devoted to the tutelary deity, goddess Kaila, of the erstwhile princely rulers of the Karauli state. It is marble structures with a large courtyard of a checkered floor.In one place are a number of red flags planted by devotees. The place is also famous for its fair held during the dark half of 'chaitra'(March-April) and lasts for a fortnight  


Jodhpur "The Sun City" was founded by Rao Jodha, a chief of the Rathore clan, in 1459. It is named after him only. Jodhpur in Rajasthan, India was previously known as Marwar. Jodhpur is the second largest city in Rajasthan. It is divided into two parts - the old city and the new city. The old city is separated by a10 km long wall surrounding it. Also it has eight Gates leading out of it. The new city is outside the walled city.
Jodhpur is a very popular tourist destination. The landscape is scenic and mesmerizing. Jodhpur city has many beautiful palaces and forts such as Mehrangarh Fort, Jaswant Thada, Umaid Bhavan Palace and Rai ka Bag Palace. Other charms of Jodhpur include Government museum and it's beautiful Umed garden. The city is known as the "Sun City" because of its bright and sunny weather throughout the year. Read on for more Jodhpur information.

  • Attractions of Jodhpur:


Situated on a steep hill, Mehrangarh fort is one of the largest forts in India. The beauty and the grandeur of numerous palaces in the fort narrates a saga of hard sandstones yielding to the chisels of skilled Jodhpuri sculptures. Mehrangarh Fort, spreading over 5 km on a perpendicular hill and looking down 125 meters, presents a majestic view on city horizon.
It was built on advice of a saint in 1459 to establish an impregnable head-quarter. This Fort is one of the best in India with its exquisitely latticed windows, carved panels, elaborately adorned windows and walls of Moti Mahal, Phool Mahal, Sheesh Mahal. A collection of musical instruments, palanquins, royal costumes, furniture and the cannons on the fort's ramparts are well preserved.


To the left of the Mehrangarh Fort complex is the Jaswant Thada of Jodhpur, Rajasthan. It is a 19th century royal cenotaph built in commemoration of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II, the 33rd Rathore ruler of Jodhpur. The son of Maharaja Jaswant Singh, Maharaja Sardar Singh, in the memory of his father, built the Jaswant Thada. The cenotaph has two more tombs within it. Near to this are the royal crematorium and three other cenotaphs.
Famous Jaswant Thada in Jodhpur, India is an example of architectural brilliance in India. It is a white marble memorial, built out of intricately carved sheets of marble. The carving shows the genius of the sculptors. These stones are extremely thin and polished. As a result, the outside surface of the monument emits a warm glow when the sunrays fall on its surface. There is also beautiful marble jali work on the cenotaph. You can have some nice views from the terrace in front of the cenotaph.The cenotaph of Maharaja Jaswant Singh displays portraits of the rulers and Maharajas of Jodhpur. The main memorial has been built like a temple. To visit the Thada you have to go through the rocky hills. This also lends a mystic aura to the whole visit


Built by Maharaja Umaid Singh and named after him, this exquisite Palace is also known as Chittar Palace because of the local chittar sandstone used in it. It is a splendid example of Indo-colonial and art deco architecture of the 30s. A unique feature of this palace is the fact that the manually chiselled sandstone blocks have been put together in a special system of interlocking. There is no mortar binding. A portion of the palace has been converted into a hotel, the other remains on view to visitors in the form of an excellent museum which houses model aeroplanes, weapons, antique clocks, bob watches, priceless crockery and hunting trophies. Both sections retain the ambience of royal splendour. 


This palace is situated near Rai-ka- Bag palace railway station. It was constructed in 1663 by Hadiji, queen of king jaswant Singh-I. King Jaswant Singh-II liked this palace very much. He mostly stayedin the octagonal bunglow of this palace. In 1883 when Swami Dayanand Saraswati came to Jodhpur, his sermons were arranged for the public in the public ground of this palace. Even Jaswant Singh used to listen to Swami Dayanand in this palace only. Now income tax office functions in this palace.


One of the popular gardens of Jodhpur is the  Umed garden. It is spread on an area of 82 acres. The famous Umed garden of Jodhpur, Rajasthan was developed by Maharaja Umed Singh. It is named after him only. The garden has five separate gates around it to facilitate entry to the garden from different directions. It has lush green lawns with beautiful roses and other seasoned flowers. Also inside the garden, is a museum, towering Ashoka trees, artistically designed fountains, a library and a zoo.Viceroy Willingdon inaugurated the zoo in the garden. At the time of its inauguration, the Umed garden had lion, tiger, zebra, ostrich and an emu. There was separate cage made for monkeys. A 'Walk-in Aviary' in the zoo was constructed in the garden in 1978. The aviary houses different types of birds, local, African and Australian parrots, ducks, rabbits etc. All the birds and animals are kept in their natural environment. 
Also in the Umed garden, is a large cage for bears opposite the aviary. Also there are pigeons, crocodiles, foxes, deer, lions, leopards, etc. Children as well as adults very often visit the garden with equal interest. The garden is known for mesmerize people with the nature's beauty in which it abounds. Also, it is a good place to educate children in relation to nature.


It was made by queen Jadechi Rajkanwar after the death of her husband, king Jaswant Singh. Major Part of the temple is made of red sandstone, carved with beautiful filigree work. The heart of the temple has the statue of Ranchhodji made of black marble.It has green, yellow and blue glassess fixed on its main door.


This 19th Century sandstone palace built on a hillock facing Balsammand lake is one of such places that's definitely going to win your heart.The palace was created by Maharajah Sur Singhji, as a summer pavilion. It is very finely carved with latticed windows that allow the soft, cool breeze to blow into the interiors of the palace. The embankments of the lake, in front of the palace, have domed structure that offers fabulous views of the lake encircled by hills. An artificial cascading waterfall, brings water down from the reservoir to the gardens. Mandor, is a part of Jodhpur but it enjoys the calmness by being far from the city crowd.
The rooms and suites, the entire ambience here makes one feel as if you are staying in a royal palace. One can even enjoy a walk through the trees, the rose beds, pools covered with lilies and the groves of mango, plum, banana, pomegranate and so on. One will also get to see the peacocks, blue bulls, jackals and hundreds of flying foxes (fruit bats) in the trees,

  • AJMER:
Ajmer, formerly written Ajmere, is a city in Ajmer District in India's Rajasthan state. Surrounded by the Aravalli Mountains, Ajmer, also known as Ajaymeru, was the city once ruled by Prithviraj Chauhan. Its population was approximately 500,000 in 2001. The city gives its name to Ajmer district, and also to a former province of British India called Ajmer-Merwara, which, after India's independence, became the state of Ajmer. On November 1, 1956, it was merged into Rajasthan state.The city was founded by Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan in the 7th Century A.D. and continued to be a major centre of the Chauhan power till 1193 A.D., when Prithviraj Chauhan lost it to Mohammed Ghauri. Since then, Ajmer became home to many dynasties. Today, Ajmer is a popular pilgrimage centre for the Hindus as well as Muslims. Especially famous is the Dargah Sharif-Tomb of the Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti, which is equally revered by the Hindus and Muslims. Ajmer is a centre of culture and education. The British chose Ajmer for its prestigious Mayo College, a school exclusively for Indian nobility. Ajmer is also the base for visiting Pushkar (11 km.), the abode of Lord Brahma, lying to its west with a temple and a picturesque lake. The Pushkar Lake is a sacred spot for Hindus. During the month of Kartik (Oct./Nov.), devotes throng in large numbers here to take a dip in the sacred lake. Ajaipal Chauhan founded Ajmer in the seventh century. He constructed a hill fort "Ajaimeur" or the " Invincible Hill ". He established the Chauhan dynasty which continued to rule the country while repeated waves of Turkish invasions swept across India. Ajmer was conquered by Muhammad of Ghor, founder of the Delhi Sultanate, in 1193. Its internal government, however, was handed over to the Chauhan rulers upon the payment of a heavy tribute to the conquerors. Ajmer then remained feudatory to Delhi until 1365, when it was captured by the ruler of Mewar. In 1509 Ajmer became a source of contention between the Maharajas of Mewar and Marwar, and was ultimately conquered by the Marwar ruler in 1532. Ajmer was conquered by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1559. It continued to be in the hands of the Mughals, with occasional revolts, until 1770, when it was ceded to the Marathas. From that time up to 1818 Ajmer was the scene of an ongoing struggle, being seized at different times by the Mewar and the Marwar maharajas, from whom it was often retaken by the Marathas. In 1818 the Marathas sold Ajmer to the East India Company for 50,000 rupees. Since then Ajmer has enjoyed stable governance, although during the 1857 War of Independence some Indian sepoys at the garrison in the nearby town of Nasirabad joined the revolt. Under the British Raj, Ajmer was governed by an Agent to the Governor General overseeing Rajputana. After independence in 1947, Ajmer retained its position as a centrally administrated state under a Chief Commissioner for some time. 

  • Attractions of Ajmer:


Pushkar Lake is semicircular lake around which there are 52 "Ghats". The max depth of the lake is 10 mts. The lake is a holy place and is known as the king of the "Trithas". The bath at Pushkar is thought to be more important than at any other place. The holy dip in this lake on kartika Purnima is thought to be salvation giving.The man who BATHES in the Shukla Paksha of Karitha month and has the Darshan of varah will not take rebirth on this earth and enjoy the bliss of heaven. The people who have a holy dip at the lake on karitha Purinama, gain the fruit equal to do the Jap and Tap for one hundred years. There are many yajna spots which cannot be counted even by Vrihshpati, the teacher of the gods.


Every year, Pushkar comes alive in the joyous festivities, cultural extravaganza and the cattle marketing of the famous Pushkar mela (Fair). This fair is one of the major cultural reflectors of the state of Rajasthan and people from different parts of India gather on the fair ground to participate in the various entertaining events there. Pushkar pulsates with vibrant energy and activity during the fair held on the Kartik Purnima which falls on the month of October or November and usually continues for about five days. The Pushkar Lake is considered to be one of the holiest pilgrimage sites in India, the only one in the country associated with Lord Brahma. The place simply teems with the devotees and the holy men or sages in various garbs who come to the temple (Jagat Pita Shri Brahma Mandir) to pray and take a holy dip in the sacred waters of the Pushkar Lake. Apart from the religious rituals and festivities, people participate in a number of cultural and sporting events. The variety of folk dances and songs lend vivid splashes of colour and music to the atmosphere that is already charged with excitement of the camel races and the cattle fair. The bargaining process, which involves a great deal of haggling between the camel traders and the buyers, add to the spirit of the fair. This fair attracts people not only from India but a large number of tourists from other countries as well. 

Khwaja Moinuddin Hassan Chishty's Shrine in Ajmer is an important religious institution Which has for centuries been attracting pilgrims from all over. irrespective of caste and creed. this shrine  has always been a  great source of communal harmony and national integrity in the country. the paramount necessity for presenting this brochure is that the devotees of Hazrat  Khwaja Moinuddin  hassan chishty [R.A.] who flock to Ajmer Sharif from every nook and corner of the world e.g. America. Africa. Europe, Pakistan , lran , bangladesh, Sri lanka, Malaysia, Burma and Afghanistan, cannot fully explore the numerous works on the subject  in oriental languages. This require a booklet which could give them a Simple and Understandable Account of the Revered Authority for their own information and guidance as well as acquainting Others  of the Life and Mission of Huzoor Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A.) this handy Book world Reveal to those persons who are still unaware of this gracious spiritual Monarch and of His immense grace and His mercy is for all irrespective of  caste, race creed, faith or colour. his Shrine is Visited by all with extreme humility and servility, the mighty Moguls, kings and nobles, great Sufi Sheikhs of different orders, the rich and  the poor the millionaires and the destitus, all approach the door of benediction for the fulfillment of their desires and wishes. 


The renowned Nasiyan Jain Temple is to be found at Prithviraj Marg in Ajmer, Rajasthan. After the temples of Ranakpur and Mount Abu, Nasiyan temple is regarded as one of the best Jain temples in Rajasthan. Built in 1865, Nasiyan Temple is also known as Lal Mandir (Red Temple). Centrally located in Ajmer, the temple can be reached easily from anywhere in Rajasthan. Nasiyan Digambar Jain Temple is dedicated to Lord Adinath, the first Jain 'tirthankara'. The two-storied structure of Nasiyan Temple is divided into two parts, where one is the worship area comprising the idol of Lord Adinath and the second is the museum including a hall. The museum hall gets the major attention due to its mind blowing interiors made up in gold. This exquisite museum depicts the five stages (Panch Kalyanak) in the life of Lord Adinath, in the stature of statues. With the dimensions of 40 x 80 feet, the hall is adorned with Belgium stain glass, mineral color paintings and stain glasswork. 
The astonishing and inimitable display of the shrine, made it to be recognized, as the Golden Temple (Swarna Mandir). The focal hall is made surprisingly beautiful with gold and silver decorations. Digambar Jain Temple displays marvelous wooden gild representations, glass engravings and paintings, recounting the conviction of the Jainism with reference to the making of the world. Festooned by precious stones, gold and silver work, the place is also termed as Soni Ji Ki Nasiyan. The celestial appearance of the temple creates a kind of divine aura that appeals to the mind of pilgrims and devotees. In the inner prayer chamber, small silver balls hanging from the ceiling absolutely enthrall the onlooker. The posh interiors of the temple boast of the aesthetic and rich taste of the Digambar Jains. In the vein of other Jain architecture, Nasiyan Temple has high fortifications encircling the temple complex. Jain Temple receives devotees, who come to pay their homage to Lord Adinath, from all over India.


The Taragarh Fort  was built in 1345 and was the center of a kingdom in Rajasthan. Within the fort there are large reservoirs where water was stored in case of a siege, when all the towns folk took shelter within the walls of the fort. These reservoirs are carved out of the rocky base of the fort. On the largest rampart of the fort is the Bhim Burj, a large and legendary cannon. The view of Kota town from Taragarh Fort is spectacular, particularly at twilight and just after sunset. This large fort is an interesting place to spend a day, wandering around its ruins and defensive structures.The main entrance to the imposing Taragarh fort is located some 39 kms away from the town centre that can be approached by a sharply sloping road. The main gateway of the fort has some meticulous carvings of elephants. Infact, there are three gateways to the fort. They are named Lakshmi Pol, Phuta Darwaza and Gagudi ki Phatak. Most parts of these impressive gateways are now in ruins. During its heydays, Taragarh fort was renowned for its tunnels crisscrossing the entire hillside. These tunnels allowed the king and his deputies to flee in case there was an imminent danger to their lives from enemies. 

Udaipur is known to all as a beautiful, enchanting city. It is famous for the amount of ancient royalty simply brimming in its palaces and sparkling lakes. Udaipur is a huge tourist attraction today, delivering to the desires of all travelers. As it was a former kingdom, Udaipur holds many stories to go along with its vast amount of majestic palaces. The Lake Palace, for one, covers the ground of an entire island and is simply magical. There are museums to visit preserving these old tales and artifacts, which will make you, feel even more in touch with the fame and royalty that Udaipur is simply coated in.
Many of these extreme palaces have been converted into the most fabulous, luxury hotels available in the world. Knowing the wonderfully exciting history will make a stay in one of these hotels truly a memory that will last a lifetime.Udaipur is called “The Most Romantic City in India” for good reason. Whether you’re traveling with family for a fantastic bonding experience, with your significant other or even by yourself, one thing is certain: you will fall in love with this city. Located in the very heart of the Aravalli Mountains with the background setting of the jeweled lakes and colorful sunset, you’ll never have felt so in touch with your existence than in Udaipur.

  • Attractions of udaipur:


Bagore Ki Haveli is an ancient building that stands on the platform of Gangori Ghat in the vicinity of Pichola Lake. The splendid architecture of the mansion boasts of delicate carved work and excellent glass work. In the eighteenth century, Bagore Ki Haveli was built by Amir Chand Badwa, who was the Chief Minister at the Mewar Royal Court in earlier times. When Amar Badwa died, the building came under the possession of Mewar State. 
In 1878, the Haveli made the abode to Maharana Shakti Singh of Bagore, who further incorporated three stories to the main structure. Since that time, the mansion came to be known as Bagore Ki Haveli (Mansion of Bagore). The mansion that used to serve the royalty of Mewar was left vacant for around 50 years. During this long period of desertion, the building deteriorated to an extent. In 1986, the building was handed over to the West Zone Cultural Centre (WZCC). 
From the very beginning, the West Zone Cultural Centre planned to renovate the haveli into a museum. To provide this building the same royal look, experts and members of the Royal family were consulted. The Haveli was restored in its old architectural style and a museum was set up in its complex. This museum portrays the patrician culture of Mewar. It has conserved the premium mural paintings of Rajasthan designed in Mewar. The museum also displays the costumes of the royal kings and modern art. Here, you can trace the exclusive stuff of Rajputs like jewellery boxes, dice-games, hukkas, pan boxes, nut crackers, hand fans, rose water sprinklers, copper vessels and other items of the erstwhile rulers. The Queen's Chamber showcases fascinating original paintings of Mewar. Beautiful peacocks created with small pieces of colored glass captivate the onlooker with sheer admiration. Today, this grand building has more than 100 rooms with well-arranged balconies, terraces, courtyards and corridors. The interiors of the Haveli are embellished with intricate and fine mirror work. While strolling in the Haveli, you can also see the private quarters of the royal ladies, their bath rooms, dressing rooms, bed rooms, living rooms, worship rooms and recreation rooms. In the evening, the haveli lightens and stages enjoyable performance of traditional dance and music of Rajasthan. The haveli looks marvelous with glowing lights in the night. Bagore Ki Haveli is a perfect place to explore the ancient architecture and life style of the royal family.


Udaipur City Palace is one of the architectural marvels of Rajasthan, located peacefully on the banks of Lake Pichola. This majestic City Palace is the most-visited tourist attraction of Udaipur and often distinguished as the largest palace complex in Rajasthan. Initially, Maharana Udai Singh built this superb wonder, but the present form of the Palace is the result of subsequent additions by his successors. City Palace boasts of the wonderful blend of Medieval, European and Chinese Architecture. The Palace has various towers, domes and arches, which add to the flavor of heritage site. Towering on the banks of Pichola Lake, City Palace is truly a feast to the eyes. City Palace is a marvelous assortment of courtyards, pavilions, terraces, corridors, rooms and hanging gardens. Encircled by fortifications, this imposing Palace is wholly built in granite and marble.City Palace has several gates that are known as "Pols". 'Bara Pol' (Great Gate) is the main gate to the City Palace complex that will take you to the first courtyard. On passing 'Bara Pol', you will come across a triple arched gate, which is known as 'Tripolia'. Between these two gates, you would see eight marble arches or Toranas, where Kings used to weigh themselves with gold and silver. Besides Tripolia, there is an arena where elephant fights were staged. Across 'Tripolia', you would enter the 'Elephant Gate' or the 'Hathi Pol'. City Palace comprises 11 wonderful palaces, which were built by different rulers still they resemble each other. With the sheer glimpse of unique paintings, antique furniture and exquisite glass mirror & ornamental tiles work of these palaces, you will get amazed. Manak Mahal (Ruby Palace) has figures of crystal and porcelain. However, Bhim Vilas flaunts a fabulous collection of miniature paintings depicting the real life stories of Radha-Krishna. The 'Krishna Vilas' is known for the noteworthy album of miniature paintings portraying royal processions, festivals and games of the Maharanas. Moti Mahal (Pearl Palace) is celebrated for its lavish decor while Sheesh Mahal (Palace of mirrors) is known for its breathtaking mirror work. 'Chini Chitrashala' is renowned for its Chinese and Dutch ornamental tiles. 'Dilkusha Mahal' (Palace of Joy) is known for the murals and wall paintings. Bada Mahal is the exotic garden palace that stands erect on a 90 feet high natural rock formation. Rang Bhawan is the palace that used to contain royal treasure. There are temples of Lord Krishna, Meera Bai and Shiva, located right to the 'Rang Bhawan'. 'Mor Chowk' has exceptional glass mosaics of peacocks, set in the walls presenting the three seasons of summer, winter and monsoon. 'Laxmi Vilas Chowk' is an art gallery with a distinctive collection of Mewar paintings.
Situated in the premises of City Place complex, Jagdish Temple is the biggest and most beautiful temple of Udaipur. This temple Appeals to the aesthetic sense of the people and we will further discuss it in our other section. You can also trace a Shrine of Dhuni Mata in the complex of City Palace. This part is considered as the oldest part of the Palace where a sage passed his life meditating here. In 1974, a part of the City Palace and the 'Zenana Mahal' (Ladies Chamber) have been transformed into a museum. The museum is open for public and we have discussed it in our other section about museums. One can locate some striking paintings in the 'Zenana Mahal' which further leads to Lakshmi Chowk. 'Lakshmi Chowk' is a beautiful white pavilion. In City palace, the most captivating sight can be viewed from the towers and terraces of 'Amar Vilas' from where you can get a breathtaking view of Lake Pichola.
'Amar Vilas' is the highest point of this Palace and has wonderful hanging gardens with fountains, towers and terraces. City Palace is structured in a way that it offers a splendid view of the lake from all its Balconies, cupolas and towers. Unlike the craggy exterior, City Palace has amazing interiors with delicate mirror-work, marble work, murals, wall paintings, silver work, inlay work and surplus of colored glass. The exquisite work of City Palace cannot be bounded in words, so one must visit this palace to capture the real picture of it.


Jag Mandir Palace is a beautiful palace located on the southern island of Lake Pichola. The three-storied Palace is a palatial structure made in yellow sandstone and marble. Built in early years of 17th century, Jag Mandir Palace was raised by Maharana Karan Singh to serve as a hiding place for Prince Khurram (popularly known as Shah Jahan). Between the years of 1620-28, Maharana Karan Singh ruled the region and during this period Prince Khurram revolted against his father.Maharana Karan Singh helped Prince Khurram as he was born to a Rajput mother. Khurram, accompanied by his wife and two sons left the kingdom. Then, Maharana Karan provided them a safe haven in the City Palace of Udaipur. The aristocrats were unsuccessful in adhering to the Rajput customs; subsequently Karan Singh shifted them to the Jag Mandir Palace. At that time, Jag Mandir Palace was under construction. 

It is great to know that Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (Prince Khurram) imbibed several ideas, especially of pieta dura work, for the world-renowned Taj Mahal from Jag Mandir Palace, during his stay in 1623-24. The Palace was completed by Maharana Jagat Singh during his reign (1628-1652) after the death of Karan Singh. The present form of the Palace is the result of further additions that were made to it by Maharana Jagat Singh. Talking about the historical facts, Maharana Swaroop Singh sheltered a number of European families in this Palace, during the revolt of 1857. In Jag Mandir Palace, Gul Mahal catches the major attention as this is the place where Prince Khurram lived with his family. Gul Mahal is made in the Islamic style of architecture, which states that Karan Singh kept in mind the taste of Khurram. The hall has amazing interiors and is decorated with the Muslim crescent. To serve the religious purpose of Khurram, a mosque was also constructed in the complex of the Palace. Another attraction of this Palace is the courtyard, which is festooned with black and white tiles. Other pavilions that are worth mentioning are Bara Patharon ka Mahal, Kunwar Pada ka Mahal and the Zenana Mahal. Bara Patharon ka Mahal is made out of twelve solid marble slabs. Kunwar Pada ka Mahal was meant for the crowned prince. The Zenana Mahal offered several chambers for the ladies of the Royalty. Jag Mandir Palace has beautiful gardens adorned with roses, palm trees, jasmine flowers, frangipanni trees and bougainvillea. On your trip to this magnificent palace, you can also check out its museum where the history of this island and its Palace has been preserved. Above all, you would be mesmerized to see eight life-sized Elephants carved out of white marble, giving the impression of guarding this beautiful island Palace. In the present date, the Palace complex also comprises a Darikhana Restaurant that serves lip smacking cuisine of Rajasthan. Jag Mandir Palace is a nice place to visit and explore the halls, where once the royalty of Mewar used to reside.

Dudh Talai is a one of the most beautiful place in City udaipurDudh Talai is another tourist attraction of City UdaipurDudh Talai is a small lake that adores the south-east direction ofPichola Lake. Located in the southern side of Shiv Niwas Palace, the stream adds to the picturesque triangle with Pichola on one side, Dudh Talai on the second and M.L Verma Garden on the third. The Manikya Lal Verma Garden built on Machala Magra (hill) near Dudh Talai pond is a paradigm of contemporary architectural art. Stroll the garden, take in a panoramic view of Lake Pichola, Jag Mandir, Lake Palace and City Palace. Climb up Machala Magra and you will find a Karni Mata temple with a white stone idol of the goddess inside it.
A "Rock Garden" from where one can enjoy sunset view in Lake Pichhola and panoramic view of old city. Rajasthan’s first "Musical Fountain" manufactured by "Yagnik Mechenical Engineering Works", is another attraction for the visitors.
The old stepwell (baoli) at Sunset Point in the southern part of Udaipur has been made into afeature in a public garden. The blue and white paint is unfortunate but adoption and use as ‘public open space’ is probably the best way of managing India’s brilliant heritage of stepwells. Further south, the lakeside drive is beautiful and peaceful.
The best place to catch a spectacular sunset in Udaipur is this beautiful garden near DudhTalai pond. Musical fountain shows have also made this sunset point popular. In addition, there is a ropeway connecting the garden to Karni Mata Temple. After daylong sightseeing on Lake Pichola, conclude your trip with a breathtaking sunset view from Dudh Talai, followed by a pleasant stroll in the rock garden.